Leap Year

By Chrishna Sneed

Staff Reporter

 

Leap year has 366 days instead of 365 days and occurs every four years. The extra day is February 29.

If we didn’t add a leap year nearly every four years we would lose almost six hours of the calendar each year. After a century the calendar would be off by 24 days.

Roman general Julius Caesar introduced the first leap year over 2000 years ago. The Julian calendar had one rule. Any year evenly divisible by four would be a
leap year.
Julius Caesar took the advice of astronomer Sosigenes of Alexandria who knew from experience that the solar year was 465 days.

The “Julian” calendar was used throughout the Roman Empire, which at the time
February was the last month of the year.

In order to make a proper transition from the lunar calendar which was 355 days to the
Julian calendar to get the months and various feast days and holidays back into their
normal seasons ninety extra days were inserted into the year 46 B.C.
One month was added in February and March and two months were added after
November. The end resulted in a year that was 15 months and 445 days and was
nicknamed Annus Confusion.
Even though leap year keeps our calendar on track people born on the leads day
(leapers) only get to celebrate their birthday every four years on their actual day. Others
actually celebrate it the day before on non leap years.
The extra day is added every fourth year to help fix the problem that while our calendar
year is 365, the solar year, the amount of time it takes the earth to circle around the sun